# 8th grade (13y) + similarity of triangles - examples

- Diagonals at right angle

In the trapezoid ABCD this is given: AB=12cm CD=4cm And diagonals crossed under a right angle. What is the area of this trapezoid ABCD? - Reverse Pythagorean theorem

Given are lengths of the sides of the triangles. Decide which one is rectangular: Δ ABC: 77 dm, 85 dm, 36 dm ? Δ DEF: 55 dm, 82 dm, 61 dm ? Δ GHI: 24 mm, 25 mm, 7 mm ? Δ JKL: 32 dm, 51 dm, 82 dm ? Δ MNO: 51 dm, 45 dm, 24 dm ? - Railways

Railways climb 7.4 ‰. Calculate the height difference between two points on the railway distant 3539 meters. - Cone

Circular cone of height 15 cm and volume 5699 cm^{3}is at one-third of the height (measured from the bottom) cut by a plane parallel to the base. Calculate the radius and circumference of the circular cut. - Climb

On the road sign, which informs the climb is 8.7%. Car goes 5 km along this road. What is the height difference that car went? - Similarity coefficient

The ratio of similarity of two equilateral triangles is 3.5 (ie 7:2). The length of the side of smaller triangle is 2.4 cm. Calculate the perimeter and area of the larger triangle. - Climb

Road has climbing 1:27. How big is a angle corresponds to this climbing? - MO - triangles

On the AB and AC sides of the triangle ABC lies successive points E and F, on segment EF lie point D. The EF and BC lines are parallel and is true this ratio FD:DE = AE:EB = 2:1. The area of ABC triangle is 27 hectares and line segments EF, AD, and DB se - Triangle KLB

It is given equilateral triangle ABC. From point L which is the midpoint of the side BC of the triangle it is drwn perpendicular to the side AB. Intersection of perpendicular and the side AB is point K. How many % of the area of the triangle ABC is area o - Sun rays

If the sun's rays are at an angle 60° then famous Great Pyramid of Egypt (which is now high 137.3 meters) has 79.3 m long shadow. Calculate current height of neighboring chefren pyramid whose shadow is measured at the same time 78.8 m and the current hei - Similarity of squares

The ratio of the similarity of the squares ABCD and KLMN is 2.5. Square KLMN area is greater than area of a square ABCD with side a: ? - Rectangular triangles

The lengths of corresponding sides of two rectangular triangles are in the ratio 2:5. At what ratio are medians relevant to hypotenuse these right triangles? At what ratio are the contents of these triangles? Smaller rectangular triangle has legs 6 and 8 c - Shadow and light

Nine meters height poplar tree has a shadow 16.2 meters long. How long shadow have at the same time Joe if he is 1,4m tall? - Diagonal in rectangle

In that rectangle ABCD is the center of BC point E and point F is center of CD. Prove that the lines AE and AF divide diagonal BD into three equal parts. - Garage

There are two laths in the garage opposite one another: one 2 meters long and the second 3 meters long. They fall against each other and stay against the opposite walls of the garage and both laths cross 70 cm above the garage floor. How wide is the garag - Rhombus

ABCD is a rhombus, ABD is an equilateral triangle and AC is equal to 4. Find the area of the rhombus. - Tree shadow

The shadow of the tree is 16 meters long. Shadow of two meters high tourist sign beside standing is 3.2 meters long. What height has tree (in meters)? - Similarity

ABC is a triangle wherein a = 4 cm, b = 6 cm, c = 8 cm. Is it similar to the triangle DEF: d = 3 cm, e = 4.5 cm, f = 6 cm? If so, determine the ratio of similarity. - Isosceles trapezoid

In an isosceles trapezoid KLMN intersection of the diagonals is marked by the letter S. Calculate the area of trapezoid if /KS/: /SM/ = 2:1 and a triangle KSN is 14 cm^{2}. - Sides od triangle

Sides of the triangle ABC has length 4 cm, 5 cm and 7 cm. Construct triangle A'B'C' that are similar to triangle ABC which has a circumference of 12 cm.

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