Mathematical Olympiad - examples

MO tasks are not easy, even for adults. At the same time, we believe that the right solution, which are here published almost on one click will serve as the inspiration.

Do not be discouraged if you not discovered the right solution. Experiment, sketching, "play" with the problem. Sometimes it helps to look into a book and find out similar problems
resolved. Sometimes help three days pause and then you found right solution.
  1. Z7-I-4 stars 4949
    hviezdicky_mo Write instead of stars digits so the next write of product of the two numbers to be valid: ∗ ∗ ∗ · ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ 4 9 4 9 ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗ 4 ∗ ∗
  2. Pyramid Z8–I–6
    pyramida_mo Each brick of pyramid contains one number. Whenever possible, the number in each brick is lowest common multiple of two numbers of bricks lying directly above it. That number may be in the lowest brick? Determine all possibilities.
  3. Amazing number
    numbers4 An amazing number is name for such even number, the decomposition product of prime numbers has exactly three not necessarily different factors and the sum of all its divisors is equal to twice that number. Find all amazing numbers.
  4. Christmas Day
    stedryd In leap years was 53 Sundays. On what day of the week fell to Christmas Day?
  5. Lord Ram
    sheep When lord Ram founded the breed white sheep was 8 more than black. Currently white sheep are four times higher than at the beginning and black three times more than at the beginning. White sheep is now 42 more than the black. How many white and black sh
  6. MO SK/CZ Z9–I–3
    ball_floating_water John had the ball that rolled into the pool and it swam in the water. Its highest point was 2 cm above the surface. Diameter of circle that marked the water level on the surface of the ball was 8 cm. Determine the diameter of John ball.
  7. Chamber
    socks In the chamber light is broken and all from it must be taken at random. Socks have four different colors. If you want to be sure of pulling at least two white socks, we have to bring them out 28 from the chamber. In order to have such certainty for the pai
  8. Z9-I-4
    numbers_30 Kate thought a five-digit integer. She wrote the sum of this number and its half at the first line to the workbook. On the second line wrote a total of this number and its one fifth. On the third row she wrote a sum of this number and its one nines. Fi
  9. Tunnels
    Mysky Mice had built an underground house consisting of chambers and tunnels: • each tunnel leading from the chamber to the chamber (none is blind) • from each chamber lead just three tunnels into three distinct chambers, • from each chamber mice can get to any
  10. Mr. Zucchini
    cuketa Mr. Zucchini had a rectangular garden whose perimeter is 28 meters. Content area of the garden filled just four square beds, whose dimensions in meters are expressed in whole numbers. Determine what size could have a garden. Find all the possibilities and
  11. Katy MO
    reporter_saved6 Kate draw triangle ABC. Middle of AB have mark as X and the center of the side AC as Y. On the side BC wants to find the point Z such that the content area of a 4gon AXZY was greatest. What part of the triangle ABC can maximally occupy 4-gon AXZY?
  12. Z9–I–1
    ctverec_mo In all nine fields of given shape to be filled natural numbers so that: • each of the numbers 2, 4, 6 and 8 is used at least once, • four of the inner square boxes containing the products of the numbers of adjacent cells of the outer square, • in the cir
  13. Pentagon
    5gon_1 Within a regular pentagon ABCDE point P is such that the triangle is equilateral ABP. How big is the angle BCP? Make a sketch.
  14. Meadow
    ovce-miestami-baran On the meadow grazing horses, cows and sheep, together less than 200. If cows were 45 times more, horses 60 times more and sheep 35 times more than there are now, their numbers would equall. How many horses, cows and sheep are on the meadow together?
  15. Octahedron - sum
    8sten On each wall of a regular octahedron is written one of the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, wherein on different sides are different numbers. For each wall John make the sum of the numbers written of three adjacent walls. Thus got eight sums, which also.
  16. Trapezoid MO-5-Z8
    lichobeznik_mo_z8 ABCD is a trapezoid that lime segment CE divided into a triangle and parallelogram as shown. Point F is the midpoint of CE, DF line passes through the center of the segment BE and the area of the triangle CDE is 3 cm2. Determine the area of the trapezoid A
  17. Soup
    kotlik On Monday we cook 25 pots and 10 boilers of soup. On Tuesday 15 pots and 13 boilers. On Wednesday 20 pots and on Thursday 30 boilers. On Monday and Tuesday was cooked the same amount of soup. How many times more soup cooked on Thursday than on Wednesday?
  18. Three friends
    Veverka Three friends squirrels together went to collect hazelnuts. Zrzecka he found more than twice Pizizubka and Ouska even three times more than Pizizubka. On the way home they talked while eating and was cracking her nuts. Pizizubka eaten half of all nuts whi
  19. Cakes Z8-I-5
    cukriky_5 Mom brought 10 cakes of three types: kokosek was less than laskonek and most were caramel cubes. John chose two different kinds of cakes, Stephan did the same and for Margerith leave only the cakes of the same type. How many kokosek, laskonek and caramel c
  20. MO-Z5-3-66 tiles
    stvorce The picture shows a square tiles with side 10 dm which is composed of four identical small rectangles and squares. Circumference of small square is five times smaller than the circumference of the entire tile. Determine the dimensions of the rectangle.

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