Ratio - 8th grade (13y) - examples

On solving problems and tasks with proportionally we recommend hint rule of three. Rule of three (proportionality) help solve examples of direct and inverse proportionality. Three members makes possible to calculate the fourth - unknown member.

  1. Shadow
    shadow_1 A meter pole perpendicular to the ground throws a shadow of 40 cm long, the house throws a shadow 6 meters long. What is the height of the house?
  2. Garden
    garden_1 Area of square garden is 6/4 of triangle garden with sides 56 m, 35 m and 35 m. How many meters of fencing need to fence a square garden?
  3. Forestry workers
    forestry_workers In the forest is employed 43 laborers planting trees in nurseries. For 6 hour work day would end job in 35 days. After 11 days, 8 laborers go forth? How many days is needed to complete planting trees in nurseries by others, if they will work 10 hours a da
  4. Bonus
    moeny Gross wage was 1430 USD including 23% bonus. How many USD were bonuses?
  5. Troops
    regiment Route is long 147 km and the first day first regiment went at an average speed 12 km/h and journey back 21 km/h. The second day went second regiment same route at an average speed 22 km/h there and back. Which regiment will take route longer?
  6. Motion problem
    dragway From Levíc to Košíc go car at speed 81 km/h. From Košíc to Levíc go another car at speed 69 km/h. How many minutes before the meeting will be cars 27 km away?
  7. Excavation
    vykop_ryha Mr. Billy calculated that excavation for a water connection dig for 12 days. His friend would take 10 days. Billy worked 3 days alone. Then his friend came to help and started on the other end. On what day since the beginning of excavation they met?
  8. Beer
    piva After three 10° beers consumed in a short time there are 5.1 g of alcohol in 5 kg adult human blood. How much is it per mille?
  9. Store
    pave One meter of the textile were discounted by 2 USD. Now 9 m of textile cost as before 8 m. Calculate the old and new price of 1 m of the textile.
  10. Motion
    cyclist_1 If you go at speed 5.1 km/h, you come to the station 37 minutes after leaving train. If you go by bike to the station at speed 28 km/h, you come to the station 38 minutes before its departure. How far is the train station?
  11. River
    kongo_river Calculate how many promiles river Vltava average falls, if on section long 928 km flowing water from 1592 m AMSL to 108 m AMSL.
  12. Server
    p_pro Calculate how many average minutes a year is the web server is unavailable, the availability is 99.99%.
  13. Cuboid
    cuboid_1 The cuboid has a surface area 1771 cm2, the length of its edges are in the ratio 5:2:4. Calculate the volume of the cuboid.
  14. Gimli Glider
    gimli_glider Aircraft Boeing 767 lose both engines at 45000 feet. The plane captain maintain optimum gliding conditions. Every minute, lose 1870 feet and maintain constant speed 212 knots. Calculate how long takes to plane from engines failure to hit ground. Calculate
  15. Scale
    pool_1 Swimming pool is long 110 m and 30 m wide. The plan of the city is shown as a rectangle with area 8.25 cm2. What scale is the city plan?
  16. ŽSR
    luzianky Calculate fixed annual personnel costs of operating monorail line 118 km long if every 5 km is station, which serve three people - one dispatcher and two switchman in 4-shift operation. Consider the average salary of the employee 885 €.
  17. Eiffel Tower
    eiffel_tower Eiffel Tower in Paris is 300 meters high, is made of steel. Its weight is 8000 tons. How tall is the tower model made ​​of the same material, if it weigh is 2.4 kg?
  18. Circles
    two_circles The areas of the two circles are in the ratio 2:14. The larger circle has diameter 14. Calculate the radius of the smaller circle.
  19. Tanks
    hasici Fire tank has cuboid shape with a rectangular floor measuring 13.7 m × 9.8 m. Water depth is 2.4 m. Water was pumped from the tank into barrels with a capacity of 2.7 hl. How many barrels were used, if the water level in the tank fallen 5 cm? Wr
  20. Numbers
    ten Determine the number of all positive integers less than 4183444 if each is divisible by 29, 7, 17. What is its sum?

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