Reason - examples - page 15
Loggers wanted to seed more than 700 and less than 800 trees. If they seed in rows of 37, left them 8 trees. If they seed in rows of 43, left the 11 trees. How many trees must seed ?
- Machines 2
2 machines for 50 hours produces 2,000 products. How many machines need to buy to make in 30 hours 15,000 products?
- Oil tank and pipes
The underground oil tank can be filled by two oil pipelines. The first is filled in 72 hours and the second in 48 hours. How many hours from the moment when first pipeline began to fill the oil is it necessary to start filling it with the second to fill in
- CZK coins
Thaddeus and Jolana together have 15 CZK. Jolana has half of Thaddeus money. Nevertheless Jolana has 3 coins and Thaddeus 2 coins. Which coin has Thaddeus and Jolana (Help: CZK coins has values 1,2,5,10,20,50 CZK)?
- Chicken and rabbits (classic)
Grandmother breeding chickens and rabbits. It found that the yard has 35 heads and 108 legs. How many chickens and rabbits breeding in the yard?
- The dice
What is the probability of events that if we throw a dice is rolled less than 6?
6 tractors started plowing the field that them together take 12 days. Agronomist hesitates to A) after 2 days to withdraw 2 tractors, or B) after 3 days to withdraw 3 tractors. Help him which of these two cases will be plowing done sooner.
Some friends had to collect the sum 72 EUR equally. If the three refused their part, others would have to give each 4 euros more. How many are friends?
Bottle with wine costs 58 USD. Wine is 27 USD more expensive than the empty bottle. How much is the bottle itself?
- Miraculous tree
Miraculous tree grows so fast that the first day increases its height by half the total height of the second day by the third, the third day by a quarter, etc. How many times will increase its height after 6 days?
- The carpet
How many meters of carpet 90 cm wide need to cover floor room which has a rectangular shape with a lengths 4.8 m and 2.4 m if the number of pieces on the carpet is needed to be lowest?
- Barrel 2
Empty barrel weighs 7 kg. When it filled with water up to 45% height, weighs 60 kg. How heavy is barrel full of water?
Place one pair of brackets in expression 20-16 + 10 - 4 - 2 so that the result will be 0.
- Lion or virgin
We toss coin, every throw fits lion or a virgin with equal probability 1/2. Determine how much at least we have to make throws that with probability 0.9 lion fell at least once.
We have vessels containing 7 liters, 5 liters and 2 liters. Largest container is filled with fluid the others empty. Can you only by pouring get 5 liters and two 1 liter of fluid? How many pouring is needed?
- Every day 7 pages
Adelka reads the book every day 7 pages. When she reads one more page a day she will read it three days earlier. How long will Adelka read a book? How much does a book of pages have?
In the box are 12 candies that look the same. Three of them are filled with nougat, five by nuts, four by cream. At least how many candies must Ivan choose to satisfy itself that the selection of two with the same filling? ?
- Apples and pears
Mom divided 24 apples and 15 pears to children. Each child received the same number of apples and pears - same number as his siblings. How many apples (j=?) and pears (h=?) received each child?
Emil has 23 pencils in a pencil case, 18 of which were broken. Emily 9 trims, 2 breaks, 4 trims and goes to school. When he return from school, he has broken 5 pencils. How many pencils have trimed at school?
- Triangle ABC
Triangle ABC has side lengths m-1, m-2, m-3. What has to be m to be triangle a) rectangular b) acute-angled?