Czech crowns

Small Petra save money. Grandfather give her 10 crowns. Petra asked his older sister let her calculate how much he has saved up. Sister told her that he has less than 30 crowns. If the sum is divided by three left one crown. If the sum is divided by the five left with her two. How much Petra has saved up?

Correct result:

x =  22

Solution:

10 Kč: 10 = 3 × 3 + 1;     10 = 2 × 5 + 0

11 Kč: 11 = 3 × 3 + 2;     11 = 2 × 5 + 1

12 Kč: 12 = 4 × 3 + 0;     12 = 2 × 5 + 2

13 Kč: 13 = 4 × 3 + 1;     13 = 2 × 5 + 3

14 Kč: 14 = 4 × 3 + 2;     14 = 2 × 5 + 4

15 Kč: 15 = 5 × 3 + 0;     15 = 3 × 5 + 0

16 Kč: 16 = 5 × 3 + 1;     16 = 3 × 5 + 1

17 Kč: 17 = 5 × 3 + 2;     17 = 3 × 5 + 2

18 Kč: 18 = 6 × 3 + 0;     18 = 3 × 5 + 3

19 Kč: 19 = 6 × 3 + 1;     19 = 3 × 5 + 4

20 Kč: 20 = 6 × 3 + 2;     20 = 4 × 5 + 0

21 Kč: 21 = 7 × 3 + 0;     21 = 4 × 5 + 1

22 Kč: 22 = 7 × 3 + 1;     22 = 4 × 5 + 2 ⇐⇐⇐⇐

23 Kč: 23 = 7 × 3 + 2;     23 = 4 × 5 + 3

24 Kč: 24 = 8 × 3 + 0;     24 = 4 × 5 + 4

25 Kč: 25 = 8 × 3 + 1;     25 = 5 × 5 + 0

26 Kč: 26 = 8 × 3 + 2;     26 = 5 × 5 + 1

27 Kč: 27 = 9 × 3 + 0;     27 = 5 × 5 + 2

28 Kč: 28 = 9 × 3 + 1;     28 = 5 × 5 + 3

29 Kč: 29 = 9 × 3 + 2;     29 = 5 × 5 + 4

30 Kč: 30 = 10 × 3 + 0;     30 = 6 × 5 + 0

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