Ratio + similarity of triangles - math problems
Number of problems found: 32
Calculate the height of a tree that casts a shadow 22 m long, if you know that at the same time a pillar 2 m high casts a shadow 3 meters long.
- The truncated
The truncated rotating cone has bases with radii r1 = 8 cm, r2 = 4 cm and height v = 5 cm. What is the volume of the cone from which the truncated cone originated?
- Two cables
On a flat plain, 2 columns are erected vertically upwards. One is 7 m high and the other 4 m. Cables are stretched between the top of one column and the foot of the other column. At what height will the cables cross? Assume that the cables do not sag.
- A cliff
A line from the top of a cliff to the ground passes just over the top of a pole 5 ft high and meets the ground at a point 8 ft from the base of the pole. If the point is 93 ft from the base of the cliff, how high is the cliff?
- Vertical rod
The vertical one-meter-long rod casts a shadow 150 cm long. Calculate the height of a column whose shadow is 36 m long at the same time.
- The straight
The straight path rises by 72 cm every 3 m of its length. How many meters will it climb to 350 m?
- Chimney and tree
Calculate the height of the factory chimney, which casts a shadow 6.5 m long in the afternoon. At the same time, a 6 m high tree standing near it casts a shadow 25 dm long.
- Similar triangles
The triangles ABC and XYZ are similar. Find the missing lengths of the sides of the triangles. a) a = 5 cm b = 8 cm x = 7.5 cm z = 9 cm b) a = 9 cm c = 12 cm y = 10 cm z = 8 cm c) b = 4 cm c = 8 cm x = 4.5 cm z = 6 cm
- Similarity coefficient
In the triangle TMA the length of the sides is t = 5cm, m = 3.5cm, a = 6.2cm. Another similar triangle has side lengths of 6.65 cm, 11.78 cm, 9.5 cm. Determine the similarity coefficient of these triangles and assign similar sides to each other.
- Cutting cone
A cone with a base radius of 10 cm and a height of 12 cm is given. At what height above the base should we divide it by a section parallel to the base so that the volumes of the two resulting bodies are the same? Express the result in cm.
- The shadow
The shadow of a 1 m high pole thrown on a horizontal plane is 0.8 m long. At the same time, the shadow of a tree thrown on a horizontal plane is 6.4 m. Determine the height of the tree.
- Lookout tower
Calculate the height of a lookout tower forming a shadow of 36 m if a column 2.5 m high has a shadow of 1.5 m at the same time.
- Conical bottle
When a conical bottle rests on its flat base, the water in the bottle is 8 cm from its vertex. When the same conical bottle is turned upside down, the water level is 2 cm from its base. What is the height of the bottle?
There is a stretched steel cable between the 3 columns. The height of the first column is 4 m, the height of the second is 3.5 m. The distance between the first two columns is 2.5 m, the distance between the second and third is 5 m. The heels of all three
- Right circular cone
The volume of a right circular cone is 5 liters. Calculate the volume of the two parts into which the cone is divided by a plane parallel to the base, one-third of the way down from the vertex to the base.
Marcel (point J) lies in the grass and sees the top of the tent (point T) and behind it the top of the lighthouse (P). | TT '| = 1.2m, | PP '| = 36m, | JT '| = 5m. Marcel lies 15 meters away from the sea (M). Calculate the lighthouse distance from the sea
- Trapezium diagonals
It is given trapezium ABCD with bases | AB | = 12 cm, |CD| = 8 cm. Point S is the intersection of the diagonals for which |AS| is 6 cm long. Calculate the length of the full diagonal AC.
A meter pole perpendicular to the ground throws a shadow of 40 cm long, the house throws a shadow 6 meters long. What is the height of the house?
- MO Z9–I–2 - 2017
In the VODY trapezoid, VO is a longer base and the diagonal intersection K divides the VD line in a 3:2 ratio. The area of the KOV triangle is 13.5 cm2. Find the area of the entire trapezoid.
- Display case
Place a glass shelf at the height of 1m from the bottom of the display case in the cabinet. How long platter will we place at this height? The display case is a rectangular triangle with 2 m and 2.5 m legs.
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