# Ratio + similarity of triangles - math problems

On solving problems and tasks with proportionally, we recommend hint rule of three. Rule of three (proportionality) help solve examples of direct and inverse proportionality. Three members make possible to calculate the fourth - unknown member.#### Number of problems found: 24

- A cliff

A line from the top of a cliff to the ground passes just over the top of a pole 5 ft high and meets the ground at a point 8 ft from the base of the pole. If the point is 93 ft from the base of the cliff, how high is the cliff? - Vertical rod

The vertical one meter long rod casts a shadow 150 cm long. Calculate the height of a column whose shadow is 36 m long at the same time. - Chimney and tree

Calculate the height of the factory chimney, which casts a shadow 6.5 m long in the afternoon. At the same time, a 6 m high tree standing near it casts a shadow 25 dm long. - Similarity coefficient

In the triangle TMA the length of the sides is t = 5cm, m = 3.5cm, a = 6.2cm. Another similar triangle has side lengths of 6.65 cm, 11.78 cm, 9.5 cm. Determine the similarity coefficient of these triangles and assign similar sides to each other. - Cutting cone

A cone with a base radius of 10 cm and a height of 12 cm is given. At what height above the base should we divide it by a section parallel to the base so that the volumes of the two resulting bodies are the same? Express the result in cm. - Lookout tower

Calculate the height of a lookout tower forming a shadow of 36 m if at the same time a column 2.5 m high has a shadow of 1.5 m. - Conical bottle

When a conical bottle rests on its flat base, the water in the bottle is 8 cm from it vertex. When the same conical bottle is turned upside down, the water level is 2 cm from its base. What is the height of the bottle? - Lighthouse

Marcel (point J) lies in the grass and sees the top of the tent (point T) and behind it the top of the lighthouse (P). | TT '| = 1.2m, | PP '| = 36m, | JT '| = 5m. Marcel lies 15 meters away from the sea (M). Calculate the lighthouse distance from the sea - Trapezium diagonals

It is given trapezium ABCD with bases | AB | = 12 cm, |CD| = 8 cm. Point S is the intersection of the diagonals for which |AS| is 6 cm long. Calculate the length of the full diagonal AC. - Shadow

A meter pole perpendicular to the ground throws a shadow of 40 cm long, the house throws a shadow 6 meters long. What is the height of the house? - MO Z9–I–2 - 2017

In the VODY trapezoid, VO is a longer base and the diagonal intersection K divides the VD line in a 3:2 ratio. The area of the KOV triangle is 13.5 cm^{2}. Find the area of the entire trapezoid. - Display case

Place a glass shelf at the height of 1m from the bottom of the display case in the cabinet. How long platter will we place at this height? The display case is a rectangular triangle with 2 m and 2.5 m legs. - Sides od triangle

Sides of the triangle ABC has length 4 cm, 5 cm and 7 cm. Construct triangle A'B'C' that are similar to triangle ABC which has a circumference of 12 cm. - Tree shadow

The shadow of the tree is 16 meters long. Shadow of two meters high tourist sign beside standing is 3.2 meters long. What height has tree (in meters)? - Sun rays

If the sun's rays are at an angle 60° then famous Great Pyramid of Egypt (which is now high 137.3 meters) has 79.3 m long shadow. Calculate current height of neighboring chefren pyramid whose shadow is measured at the same time 78.8 m and the current heig - Tree shadow

Tree perpendicular to the horizontal surface has a shadow 8.32 meters long. At the same time meter rod perpendicular to the horizontal surface has shadow 64 cm long. How tall is tree? - Sides ratio

Calculate the circumference of a triangle with area 84 cm^{2}if a:b:c = 10:17:21 - Isosceles trapezoid

In an isosceles trapezoid KLMN intersection of the diagonals is marked by the letter S. Calculate the area of trapezoid if /KS/: /SM/ = 2:1 and a triangle KSN is 14 cm^{2}. - Similarity of squares

The ratio of the similarity of the squares ABCD and KLMN is 2.5. Square KLMN area is greater than area of a square ABCD with side a: ? - TV diagonal

Diagonal TV is 0.56 m long, how big the television sreen is if the aspect ratio is 16:9?

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