Ratio + similarity of triangles - math problems

On solving problems and tasks with proportionally, we recommend hint rule of three. Rule of three (proportionality) help solve examples of direct and inverse proportionality. Three members make possible to calculate the fourth - unknown member.

  1. Conical bottle
    cone-upside When a conical bottle rests on its flat base, the water in the bottle is 8 cm from it vertex. When the same conical bottle is turned upside down, the water level is 2 cm from its base. What is the height of the bottle?
  2. Right circular cone
    cut-cone The volume of a right circular cone is 5 liters. Calculate the volume of the two parts into which the cone is divided by a plane parallel to the base, one-third of the way down from the vertex to the base.
  3. Lighthouse
    majak Marcel (point J) lies in the grass and sees the top of the tent (point T) and behind it the top of the lighthouse (P). | TT '| = 1.2m, | PP '| = 36m, | JT '| = 5m. Marcel lies 15 meters away from the sea (M). Calculate the lighthouse distance from the sea
  4. Trapezium diagonals
    stredova sumernost It is given trapezium ABCD with bases | AB | = 12 cm, |CD| = 8 cm. Point S is the intersection of the diagonals for which |AS| is 6 cm long. Calculate the length of the full diagonal AC.
  5. Shadow
    shadow_1 A meter pole perpendicular to the ground throws a shadow of 40 cm long, the house throws a shadow 6 meters long. What is the height of the house?
  6. MO Z9–I–2 - 2017
    trapezium_3 In the VODY trapezoid, VO is a longer base and the diagonal intersection K divides the VD line in a 3:2 ratio. The area of the KOV triangle is 13.5 cm2. Find the area of the entire trapezoid.
  7. Display case
    vitrinka Place a glass shelf at the height of 1m from the bottom of the display case in the cabinet. How long platter will we place at this height? The display case is a rectangular triangle with 2 m and 2.5 m legs.
  8. Sides od triangle
    podobnost Sides of the triangle ABC has length 4 cm, 5 cm and 7 cm. Construct triangle A'B'C' that are similar to triangle ABC which has a circumference of 12 cm.
  9. Tree shadow
    tree3 The shadow of the tree is 16 meters long. Shadow of two meters high tourist sign beside standing is 3.2 meters long. What height has tree (in meters)?
  10. Sun rays
    sfinga-a-cheopsova-pyramida-w-4066 If the sun's rays are at an angle 60° then famous Great Pyramid of Egypt (which is now high 137.3 meters) has 79.3 m long shadow. Calculate current height of neighboring chefren pyramid whose shadow is measured at the same time 78.8 m and the current he
  11. Tree shadow
    tree2_1 Tree perpendicular to the horizontal surface has a shadow 8.32 meters long. At the same time meter rod perpendicular to the horizontal surface has shadow 64 cm long. How tall is tree?
  12. Sides ratio
    triangle3_1 Calculate the circumference of a triangle with area 84 cm2 if a:b:c = 10:17:21
  13. Isosceles trapezoid
    lichobeznik_6 In an isosceles trapezoid KLMN intersection of the diagonals is marked by the letter S. Calculate the area of trapezoid if /KS/: /SM/ = 2:1 and a triangle KSN is 14 cm2.
  14. Similarity of squares
    squares2_1 The ratio of the similarity of the squares ABCD and KLMN is 2.5. Square KLMN area is greater than area of a square ABCD with side a: ?
  15. TV diagonal
    tv_diagonal Diagonal TV is 0.56 m long, how big the television sreen is if the aspect ratio is 16:9?
  16. MO - triangles
    metal On the AB and AC sides of the triangle ABC lies successive points E and F, on segment EF lie point D. The EF and BC lines are parallel and is true this ratio FD:DE = AE:EB = 2:1. The area of ABC triangle is 27 hectares and line segments EF, AD, and DB s
  17. Rectangular triangles
    r_triangles The lengths of corresponding sides of two rectangular triangles are in the ratio 2:5. At what ratio are medians relevant to hypotenuse these right triangles? At what ratio are the contents of these triangles? Smaller rectangular triangle has legs 6 and 8 c

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