# Similarity of triangles + ratio - practice problems

#### Number of problems found: 34

- Similar frustums

The upper and lower radii of a frustum of a right circular cone are 8 cm and 32 cm, respectively. If the altitude of the frustum is 10 cm, how far from the bottom base must a cutting plane be made to form two similar frustums? - Pentagon

The signboard has the shape of a pentagon ABCDE, in which the line BC is perpendicular to the line AB and EA is perpendicular to the line AB. Point P is the heel of the vertical starting from point D on line line AB. | AP | = | PB |, | BC | = | EA | = 6dm - Calculate

Calculate the height of a tree that casts a shadow 22 m long, if you know that at the same time a pillar 2 m high casts a shadow 3 meters long. - The truncated

The truncated rotating cone has bases with radii r1 = 8 cm, r2 = 4 cm and height v = 5 cm. What is the volume of the cone from which the truncated cone originated? - Two cables

On a flat plain, 2 columns are erected vertically upwards. One is 7 m high and the other 4 m. Cables are stretched between the top of one column and the foot of the other column. At what height will the cables cross? Assume that the cables do not sag. - A cliff

A line from the top of a cliff to the ground passes just over the top of a pole 5 ft high and meets the ground at a point 8 ft from the base of the pole. If the point is 93 ft from the base of the cliff, how high is the cliff? - Vertical rod

The vertical one-meter-long rod casts a shadow 150 cm long. Calculate the height of a column whose shadow is 36 m long at the same time. - The straight

The straight path rises by 72 cm every 3 m of its length. How many meters will it climb to 350 m? - Chimney and tree

Calculate the height of the factory chimney, which casts a shadow 6.5 m long in the afternoon. At the same time, a 6 m high tree standing near it casts a shadow 25 dm long. - Similar triangles

The triangles ABC and XYZ are similar. Find the missing lengths of the sides of the triangles. a) a = 5 cm b = 8 cm x = 7.5 cm z = 9 cm b) a = 9 cm c = 12 cm y = 10 cm z = 8 cm c) b = 4 cm c = 8 cm x = 4.5 cm z = 6 cm - Similarity coefficient

In the triangle TMA the length of the sides is t = 5cm, m = 3.5cm, a = 6.2cm. Another similar triangle has side lengths of 6.65 cm, 11.78 cm, 9.5 cm. Determine the similarity coefficient of these triangles and assign similar sides to each other. - Cutting cone

A cone with a base radius of 10 cm and a height of 12 cm is given. At what height above the base should we divide it by a section parallel to the base so that the volumes of the two resulting bodies are the same? Express the result in cm. - The shadow

The shadow of a 1 m high pole thrown on a horizontal plane is 0.8 m long. At the same time, the shadow of a tree thrown on a horizontal plane is 6.4 m. Determine the height of the tree. - Lookout tower

Calculate the height of a lookout tower forming a shadow of 36 m if a column 2.5 m high has a shadow of 1.5 m at the same time. - Conical bottle

When a conical bottle rests on its flat base, the water in the bottle is 8 cm from its vertex. When the same conical bottle is turned upside down, the water level is 2 cm from its base. What is the height of the bottle? - There

There is a stretched steel cable between the 3 columns. The height of the first column is 4 m, the height of the second is 3.5 m. The distance between the first two columns is 2.5 m, the distance between the second and third is 5 m. The heels of all three - Right circular cone

The volume of a right circular cone is 5 liters. Calculate the volume of the two parts into which the cone is divided by a plane parallel to the base, one-third of the way down from the vertex to the base. - Lighthouse

Marcel (point J) lies in the grass and sees the top of the tent (point T) and behind it the top of the lighthouse (P). | TT '| = 1.2m, | PP '| = 36m, | JT '| = 5m. Marcel lies 15 meters away from the sea (M). Calculate the lighthouse distance from the sea - Trapezium diagonals

It is given trapezium ABCD with bases | AB | = 12 cm, |CD| = 8 cm. Point S is the intersection of the diagonals for which |AS| is 6 cm long. Calculate the length of the full diagonal AC. - Shadow

A meter pole perpendicular to the ground throws a shadow of 40 cm long, the house throws a shadow 6 meters long. What is the height of the house?

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