Money + reason - math problems

Money or finance are an essential medium of exchange, a unit of account and store of value in modern society. Mathematical examples helps to get basic financial literacy.

  1. Adam
    minca Adam has half the money in his right pocket than in his left pocket. If he transferred 40 crowns from the left pocket to the right, he would have the same in both pockets. Calculate how many crowns does Adam have in his left pocket more than in his right?
  2. Average monthly salary
    penize A total of 10 teachers work at one small school in Moravia. The monthly salary of each is 21,500 CZK or 21,800 CZK or 22,500 CZK according to their education and age. The average monthly salary for this school's teacher is 21 850 CZK. How many teachers of
  3. Bdf tablet
    bdf Detective Harry Thomson has come across a surprising mystery. As part of the weekend's action, the tablet he looked for dropped by 30%. He also recommended this bargain to his friend. However, it came to the shop on Monday, and the tablet was 30% more exp
  4. Before yesterday
    percent He merchant adds a sale sign in his shop window to the showed pair of shoes in the morning: "Today by p% cheaper than yesterday. " After a while, however, he decided that the sign saying: "Today 62.5% cheaper than the day before yesterday". Determine the
  5. Dividing money
    mince_2 Vilem, Cenek, and Edita divided the money they earned by spreading the leaflet. Vilem got 240 CZK more than Cenek and twice more than Edita. Edita got 400kc less than Vilem.
  6. Two math problems
    coins 1) The sum of twice a number and -6 is nine more than the opposite of that number. Find the number. 2) A collection of 27 coins, all nickels, and dimes, is worth $2.10. How many of each coin are there? The dime, in United States usage, is a ten-cent coi
  7. Dog price
    dog Tereza agreed to get a dog and 6000 crowns a year for help in a dachshund breeding station. After eight months she had to finish work and got a dog and 2000 crowns. What price does a dog have?
  8. Lemonade
    limonada In January, 2 liters of lemonade were sold for CZK 24, while in February, 2.5 liters of lemonade sold at same price. How much percent was 1 liter of lemonade cheaper in February than in January?
  9. The publisher
    books_33 The publisher prepares the release of the dictionary. Print preparation costs no matter the number of printed copies of 150000 CZK. The printer charges 80 CZK for one print. A) What are the costs of one dictionary if 5000 copies printed? B) For what num
  10. Discount
    saty_1 The dress was discounted by CZK 115, which was 12% of the original price. What is the cost of the dress after the discount?
  11. Apples
    jablka_17 School kitchen bought 36kg apples for 12 kc/kg. How many kilograms of apples 1/4 cheaper can they buy for the same money?
  12. Associative law multiplication
    sale_4 In a warehouse, you obtain a 20% discount but you must pay a 15% sales tax. Which would you prefer to have calculated first: discount or tax? Explain. (result write as: 1 = first discount, 2 = first tax, 3 = no matter what first)
  13. The Stolen Money
    magic2_1 A man walks into a store and steals a $100 bill. 5 minutes later, he returns to the store and buys stuff worth $70. He pays with the bill that he had stolen, so the owner of the store returns him $30. How many dollars did the store owner lose?
  14. Gold inheritance
    dukat_1 The king divided the inheritance with his three sons in the ratio of 7: 6: 4. Two of them received 286,000 gold. How much each of the sons got.
  15. Chewing gums
    zubna-pasta_1 For 3 chewing gums, you will pay 20 CZK less than 7 chewing gums. How much is 1 chewing gum and how much does a 5pcs package cost?
  16. Profit per kilo
    jablone_10 The trader sells apples at a profit of 20% per kilogram. Today, he decided to reduce the price of apples by 10%. How much profit does the trader have today?
  17. VAT on books
    books_13 The cost of a book in the store is 12.5 euros. How much euros is the VAT of this book? VAT is 10%.
  18. Kaufland sales-off
    kaufland As a rule the goods to the approaching end consumption in Kaufland three days before the end of the consumption to 30% off and one day before the end of the consumption to 50% discounts. Sometimes however the seller has been mistaken and the second discou
  19. Wine
    vino_1 A bottle of wine costs 21 euros; and wine is 20 times more expensive than a bottle. How much a bottle cost?
  20. Saving 9
    penize_40 An amount if $ 2000 is invested at an interest of 5% per month. if $ 200 is added at the beginning of each successive month but no withdrawals. Give an expression for the value accumulated after n months. After how many months will the amount have accumul

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