# Examples for 8th grade - page 78

1. Brick wall Garden 70 m long and 48 m wide should surround with wall 2.1 meters high and 30 cm thick. Wall will be built on the garden ground. How many will we need bricks if to 1 m³ is required approximately 300 bricks?
2. Fuel mileage You have 3/8 tank of fuel. Estimate fuel consumption @ 6mpg. Estimate speed @ 50mph. Your fuel tank holds 200 gals. Figure out fuel mileage.
3. Rabbits 3 Viju has 40 chickens and rabbits. If in all there are 90 legs. How many rabbits are there with Viju?
4. Two numbers We have two numbers. Their sum is 140. One-fifth of the first number is equal to half the second number. Determine those unknown numbers.
5. Right triangle ABC Calculate the perimeter and area of a right triangle ABC, if you know the length of legs 4 cm 5.5 cm and 6.8 cm is hypotenuse.
6. Percentages Calculate the percentages to two decimal places: a / 15 min in 4 hours B / 35 cm2 of 12.5 dm2 c / 2dm2 of 400 cm2 D / 0.2 liters from 2.2 liters
7. Land - isosceles trapezoid Calculate the content and perimeter of the building plot in the form of an isosceles trapezoid with bases 120m, 95m and height 50m.
8. Timber log The ship goes from point x to y. Downstream it takes 4 hours, upstream 6 hours. How long does it take from a point x to y a log?
9. Roof 8 How many liters of air are under the roof of tower which has the shape of a regular six-sided pyramid with a 3,6-meter-long bottom edge and a 2,5-meter height? Calculate the supporting columns occupy about 7% of the volume under the roof. A 2-meter rod casts a shadow 3.2 m long. How high is a tree with a shadow of 14.4 m ?
11. Glass Trader ordered from the manufacturer 200 cut glass. The manufacturer confirmed the order that the glass in boxes sent a kit containing either four or six glasses. Total sent 41 boxes. a) How many boxes will contain only 4 glasses? b) How many boxes will co
12. Chord circle The circle to the (S, r = 8 cm) are different points A, B connected segment /AB/ = 12 cm. AB mark the middle of S'. Calculate |SS'|. Make the sketch.
13. Factory In the factory workers work in three shifts. In the first inning operates half of all employees in the second inning and a third in the third inning 200 employees. How many employees work at the factory?
14. Church roof 2 The roof has the shape of a rotating cone shell with a base diameter of 6 m and a height of 2.5 m. How many monez (CZK) will cost the roof cover sheet if 1 m2 of metal sheet costs 152 CZK and if you need 15% extra for joints, overlays and waste?
15. Painting a hut It is necessary to paint the exterior walls of hut whose layout is a rectangle of 6.16 m x 8.78 m wall height is 2.85 meters. Cottage has five rectangular windows; three have dimensions of 1.15 m x 1.32 m and two 0,45 m x 0.96 m. How many m2 is necessary
16. Tickets On the football tournament ticket cost 45 Kc for standing and 120kč for sitting. Sitting spectators was 1/3 more than standing. The organizers collected a total 12 300 Kc. How many seated and standing seats (spectators)?
17. Sales off 2 Computer monitor sold for 8400 CZK in March. In April, dealer price decreased by 798 CZK. Calculate the percentage by which the price was reduced.
18. Lawns Before a sports hall are two equally large rectangular lawns, each measuring 40 m and 12 m. Maintenance of 10m² lawn cost 45 CZK yearly. On each lawn is circular flowerbed with a diameter 8 meters. How much money is needed each year to take on lawn care?.
19. Three-digit How many three-digit natural numbers do not have the number 7?
20. Earth and Sun Earth is 150 million km away from the Sun, 300,000 km of sunlight travels in 1 second. How long will the light come from the Sun to the Earth?

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