Vector of genetic effects, E^{a} | |||||||||||||||||||
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Case^{b} | R | μ | a | α_{A}_{A} | d | δ_{A}_{A} | a | α_{B}_{B} | d | δ_{B}_{B} | a | α_{C}_{C} | d | δ_{C}_{C} | aa | αα_{AB}_{AB} | ad | αδ_{AB}_{AB} | da | δα_{AB}_{AB} | dd | δδ_{AB}_{AB} | aa | αα_{AC}_{AC} | ad | αδ_{AC}_{AC} | da | δα_{AC}_{AC} | dd | δδ_{AC}_{AC} | aa | αα_{BC}_{BC} | ad | αδ_{BC}_{BC} | da | δα_{BC}_{BC} | dd | δδ_{BC}_{BC} |

HW_{347}S | −0.16 | −0.42 | 0.70 | −0.67 | 0.84 | −2.10 | 1.50 | 0.48 | −0.60 | −0.80 | 1.00 | 0.84 | −0.60 | −1.40 | 1.00 | 1.12 | −0.80 | −1.40 | 1.00 |

HW_{347}F | −0.16 | −0.70 | 0.70 | −0.84 | 0.84 | −1.50 | 1.50 | 1.00 | −1.00 | −1.00 | 1.00 | 1.00 | −1.00 | −1.00 | 1.00 | 1.00 | −1.00 | −1.00 | 1.00 |

F_{2} | 0.00 | −1.00 | 1.00 | −1.00 | 1.00 | −1.00 | 1.00 | 1.00 | −1.00 | −1.00 | 1.00 | 1.00 | −1.00 | −1.00 | 1.00 | 1.00 | −1.00 | −1.00 | 1.00 |

G_{111111} | 2.25 | −2.00 | 2.00 | −2.00 | 2.00 | −2.00 | 2.00 | 1.00 | −1.00 | −1.00 | 1.00 | 1.00 | −1.00 | −1.00 | 1.00 | 1.00 | −1.00 | −1.00 | 1.00 |

↵

*a*Statistical genetic effects (Greek letters) apply to HW_{347}S, functional genetic effects (Latin letters) apply to HW_{347}F and*G*_{111111}, and both apply to F_{2}.↵

*b*HW_{347}S and HW_{347}F are the statistical and functional estimates of the parameters for the simulated population of Zeng*et al*. (2005). F_{2}are the corresponding joint statistical and functional estimates for an F_{2}population we obtained from the previous ones using the NOIA model, and they are identical to those obtained by Zeng*et al*. (2005) when analyzing a simulated F_{2}population, except for some sign differences (as justified in the text).*G*_{111111}are the functional estimates described using the phenotypic value of the genotype “111111” as a reference point. See text for details.