Reason + natural numbers - examples
- Hens and pigs
Hens and pigs have 46 feet in total. At least how much can heads have?
- Reminder and quotient
There are given the number C = 281, D = 201. Find the highest natural number S so that the C:S, D:S are with the remainder of 1,
- Collection of stamps
Jano, Rado, and Fero have created a collection of stamps in a ratio of 5: 6: 9. Two of them had 429 stamps together. How many stamps did their shared collection have?
On the circus performance was 150 people. Men were 10 less than women and children 50 more than adults. How many children were in the circus?
- The Hotel
The Holiday Hotel has the same number of rooms on each floor. Rooms are numbered with natural numbers sequentially from the first floor, no number is omitted, and each room has a different number. Three tourists arrived at the hotel. The first one was in r
- Six-digit primes
Find all six-digit prime numbers that contain each one of digits 1,2,4,5,7 and 8 just once. How many are they?
- The florist
The florist had 200 roses in the morning. During the day, more than half sold it. From the remaining roses, it will tie the bouquet. If a bouquet of 3, 4, 5 or 6 roses are bound, one always remains. How many roses from the morning shipment sold?
- Three machines
The power of the three machines is 2: 3: 5. Two most powerful machines produce 400 parts per hour. How many components make all three machines in 3 hours?
I have a box of chocolate - white, milk and dark. The ratio of white to milk with dark is 3: 4. The ratio of white and milk to dark is 17: 4. Calculate what is the ratio between white, milk, dark chocolate.
One brick is 6 kg and half a brick heavy. What is the weight of one brick?
Monkey fell in 38 m deep well. Every day her scramble 3 meters, at night dropped back by 2 m. On that day it gets hangover from the well?
We know little about this Greek mathematician from Alexandria, except that he lived around 3rd century A.D. Thanks to an admirer of his, who described his life by means of an algebraic riddle, we know at least something about his life. Diophantus's youth l
Kate thought a five-digit integer. She wrote the sum of this number and its half at the first line to the workbook. On the second line wrote a total of this number and its one fifth. On the third row she wrote a sum of this number and its one nines. Fi
In all nine fields of given shape to be filled natural numbers so that: • each of the numbers 2, 4, 6 and 8 is used at least once, • four of the inner square boxes containing the products of the numbers of adjacent cells of the outer square, • in the cir
Jane on birthday brought 30 lollipops and 24 chewing gum for their friends. How many friends has, if everyone receives the same number of lollipops and chewing gums? How much chewing gum and lollipops got any friend?
Camel owner wants to get out of the city into oasis. He bought 3000 bananas, which wants to sell in oasis. However oasis from the city divided 1,000 kilometers of desert. Camel can carry at one time up to 1000 bananas, and for every kilometer traveled, ea
In the market have 4 kinds of chocolates. How many ways can we buy 19 chocolates?
How many times should be broken chocolate consisting of 10 × 12 pieces to get the 120 parts?
- Octahedron - sum
On each wall of a regular octahedron is written one of the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, wherein on different sides are different numbers. For each wall John make the sum of the numbers written of three adjacent walls. Thus got eight sums, which also.
- Pension or fraud
Imagine that your entire working life working honestly and pay taxes and to Social Insurance (in Slovakia). You have a gross wage 730 Euros, you pay social insurance (you and your employer) monthly € 256 during 42 years and your retirement is 365 Eur.