Pythagorean theorem - practice problems

The Pythagorean Theorem states that in a right-angled triangle, the square of the length of the hypotenuse (the side opposite the right angle) is equal to the sum of the squares of the lengths of the other two sides. This can be written as:

c2 = a2 + b2

where c is the length of the hypotenuse, and a and b are the lengths of the other two sides.

A common proof of the Pythagorean Theorem is called the "area proof". To prove the theorem using this method, we can create a square with side length c and two smaller squares with side lengths a and b, as shown in the figure. We can then place the smaller squares next to each other to form a rectangle with area a x b. We can then see that the area of the square with side length c is equal to the sum of the areas of the smaller squares, which is equal to the area of the rectangle. This demonstrates that c2 = a2 + b2, as stated in the theorem.

Another proof is Euclidean proof which is based on the Euclidean geometry and construction of a line segment that is c and perpendicular to the line segment of a and b.

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The Pythagorean theorem is the base for the right triangle calculator.