# Reason - examples - page 11

1. Grandfather
The grandfather is three years older than an grandmother. The average age of the grandmother, the grandfather and their seven grandchildren is 28 years. The grandchildren have a total of 105 years. Calculate how old is grandfather.
2. Mom and daughter
Mom is 30 years older than the daughter. What is the age difference between them in 35 years?
3. Trapezium zoom
How many times increase area of trapezoid if all sides and altitude increase 5 times?
4. Seven-segmet
Lenka is amused that he punched a calculator (seven-segment display) numbers and used only digits 2 to 9. Some numbers have the property that their image in the axial or central symmetry was again give some number. Determine the maximum number of three-d
5. Work
First paver pave pavement for 27 hours. Second for 27 hours. Started first paver and after 4 hours, join the second. How long will they finish pavement?
The voltage station is every day changing the master password, which consists of three letters. Code generation process does not change and is based on the following procedure: The following letters (A) to (I) correspond to different numbers from 1 to 9. I
7. Rectangle - parallelogram
It is given a rectangle that is circumscribed by a circle with a radius of 5 cm. The short side of the rectangle measures 6 cm. Calculate the perimeter of a parallelogram ABCD whose vertices are the midpoints of the sides of the rectangle.
8. Isosceles triangle
The perimeter of an isosceles triangle is 112 cm. The length of the arm to the length of the base is at ratio 5:6. Find the triangle area.
9. Tourist
Tourist walk at 4.1 km/h. Every 5 km have 20-minute break. How many kilometers passed, when started at 4:40 and finished at 10:30?
10. Enterprise and wages
The enterprise operates a total 162 workers and their average salary is M dollars. If the company has hire an additional 18 employees whose average wage would be the S dollars, would reduce the overall average salary in the company of 3.6%. Calculate the
11. Raffle
How many raffle tickets must be purchased by Peter in raffle with issued 200 tickets if he wants to be sure win at least 3 price? In the raffle draws 30 prices.
12. Mushrooms from the forest
Magda and Tereza goes to pick mushrooms. Total found 70 mushrooms. Magda found that between fungi found 5/9 bedel. Tereza discovered that she found among fungi are 2/17 champignons. How many mushrooms found Magda?
13. The professor's birthday
Professor of mathematics had 57 birthdays. The director congratulated him. The professor asked the director: "And how old are you?" The director replied: "I'm exactly twice as many years than you were when I was old as to you today." How old is the direc
14. Pennies
800 pennies have the same value as 100 ducats. 100 pennies have the same value as 250 tolars. How many ducats has the same value as 100 tolars?
15. Math logic
There are 20 children in the group, each two children have a different name. Alena and John are among them. How many ways can we choose 8 children to be among the selected A) was John B) was John and Alena C) at least one was Alena, John D) maximum one w
16. Clock
What distance will pass end of 8 cm long hour hand for 15 minutes?
17. Snowman
In a circle with a diameter 50 cm are drawn 3 circles /as a snowman/ where: its diameters are integers, each larger circle diameter is 3 cm larger than the diameter of the previous circle. Determine snowman height if we wish highest snowman.
18. Loans, loan ...
In Slovakia, launched a short-term non-bank loans, of which few people have their "take" are considered unfavorable. Often, the borrower ends up in a spiral of debt, which takes more and more onerous loan used to repay earlier loans. Calculate how many 9-
19. Logik game
Letter game Logik is a two player game, which has the following rules: 1. The first player thinks five-letter word in which no letter is not repeated. 2. The second player writes a five-letter word. 3. The first player answers two numbers - the first numbe
20. Digits
How many natural numbers greater than 4000 which are formed from the numbers 0,1,3,7,9 with the figures not repeated, B) How many will the number of natural numbers less than 4000 and the numbers can be repeated?

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