# Reason + Mathematical Olympiad - math problems

#### Number of problems found: 44

- Lord Ram

When lord Ram founded the breed white sheep was 8 more than black. Currently white sheep are four times higher than at the beginning and black three times more than at the beginning. White sheep is now 42 more than the black. How many white and black shee - Squirrels

The squirrels discovered a bush with hazelnuts. The first squirrel plucked one nut, the second squirrel two nuts, the third squirrel three nuts. Each new squirrel always tore one nut more than the previous squirrel. When they plucked all the nuts from the - Clubhouse

There were only chairs and table in the clubhouse. Each chair had four legs, and the table was triple. Scouts came to the clubhouse. Everyone sat on their chair, two chairs were left unoccupied, and the number of legs in the room was 101. How many chairs - Equilateral triangle ABC

In the equilateral triangle ABC, K is the center of the AB side, the L point lies on one-third of the BC side near the point C, and the point M lies in the one-third of the side of the AC side closer to the point A. Find what part of the ABC triangle cont - MO Z8-I-1 2018

Fero and David meet daily in the elevator. One morning they found that if they multiply their current age, they get 238. If they did the same after four years, this product would be 378. Determine the sum of the current ages of Fero and David. - Meadow

On the meadow grazing horses, cows, and sheep, together with less than 200. If cows were 45 times more, horses 60 times more, and sheep 35 times more than there are now, their numbers would equally. How many horses, cows, and sheep are on the meadow toget - MO8-Z8-I-5 2017

Identical rectangles ABCD and EFGH are positioned such that their sides are parallel to the same. The points I, J, K, L, M and N are the intersections of the extended sides, as shown. The area of the BNHM rectangle is 12 cm^{2}, the rectangle MBCK area is 63 - Trapezoid MO-5-Z8

ABCD is a trapezoid that lime segment CE is divided into a triangle and parallelogram, as shown. Point F is the midpoint of CE, DF line passes through the center of the segment BE, and the area of the triangle CDE is 3 cm^{2}. Determine the area of the trape - Shepherd

Kuba makes a deal with a shepherd to take care of his sheep. Shepherd said Kuba that after a year of service, he would receive twenty gold coins and one sheep. But Kuba resigned just after the seventh month of service. But shepherd rewarded him and paid h - Tunnels

Mice had built an underground house consisting of chambers and tunnels: • each tunnel leading from the chamber to the chamber (none is blind) • from each chamber lead just three tunnels into three distinct chambers, • from each chamber mice can get to any - Eight blocks

Dana had the task to save the eight blocks of these rules: 1. Between two red cubes must be a different color. 2. Between two blue must be two different colors. 3. Between two green must be three different colors. 4. Between two yellow blocks must be four - Z9–I–1

In all nine fields of given shape to be filled natural numbers so that: • each of the numbers 2, 4, 6, and 8 is used at least once, • four of the inner square boxes containing the products of the numbers of adjacent cells of the outer square, • in the cir - Octahedron - sum

On each wall of a regular octahedron is written one of the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, wherein on different sides are different numbers. For each wall John make the sum of the numbers written of three adjacent walls. Thus got eight sums, which also - Luggage and air travel

Two friends traveling by plane had a total of 35 kg of luggage. They paid one 72 CZK and second 108 CZK for being overweight. If only one paid for all the bags, it would cost 300 CZK. What weight of baggage did each of them have, how many kilograms of lug - Four families

Four families were on a joint trip. In the first family, there were three siblings, namely Alica, Betka and Cyril. In the second family were four siblings, namely David, Erik, Filip and Gabika. In the third family, there were two siblings, namely Hugo and - Pet store

In a pet store, they are selling out the fish from one aquarium. Ondra wanted half of all fish, but they don't wish cut by hal fany fish he got one more than demanded. Matthew wished the remaining half of the fish, but as Andrew got half the fish more tha - Z9-I-4

Kate thought a five-digit integer. She wrote the sum of this number and its half at the first line to the workbook. On the second line wrote a total of this number and its one fifth. On the third row, she wrote a sum of this number and its one nines. Fina - Candy - MO

Gretel deploys to the vertex of a regular octagon different numbers from one to eight candy. Peter can then choose which three piles of candy give Gretel others retain. The only requirement is that the three piles lie at the vertices of an isosceles trian - Chamber

In the chamber light is broken and all from it must be taken at random. Socks have four different colors. If you want to be sure of pulling at least two white socks, we have to bring them out 28 from the chamber. In order to have such certainty for the pa - Coloured numbers

Mussel wrote four different natural numbers with coloured markers: red, blue, green and yellow. When the red number divides by blue, it gets the green number as an incomplete proportion, and yellow represents the remainder after this division. When it div

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