Fraction calculator



This calculator performs basic and advanced fraction operations, expressions with fractions combined with integers, decimals, and mixed numbers. It also shows detailed step-by-step information about the fraction calculation procedure. The calculator helps in finding value from multiple fractions operations. Solve problems with two, three, or more fractions and numbers in one expression.

Result:

5 1/3 - 3 5/6 = 3/2 = 1 1/2 = 1.5

Spelled result in words is three halfs (or one and one half).

How do we solve fractions step by step?

  1. Conversion a mixed number 5 1/3 to a improper fraction: 5 1/3 = 5 1/3 = 5 · 3 + 1/3 = 15 + 1/3 = 16/3

    To find a new numerator:
    a) Multiply the whole number 5 by the denominator 3. Whole number 5 equally 5 * 3/3 = 15/3
    b) Add the answer from previous step 15 to the numerator 1. New numerator is 15 + 1 = 16
    c) Write a previous answer (new numerator 16) over the denominator 3.

    Five and one third is sixteen thirds
  2. Conversion a mixed number 3 5/6 to a improper fraction: 3 5/6 = 3 5/6 = 3 · 6 + 5/6 = 18 + 5/6 = 23/6

    To find a new numerator:
    a) Multiply the whole number 3 by the denominator 6. Whole number 3 equally 3 * 6/6 = 18/6
    b) Add the answer from previous step 18 to the numerator 5. New numerator is 18 + 5 = 23
    c) Write a previous answer (new numerator 23) over the denominator 6.

    Three and five sixths is twenty-three sixths
  3. Subtract: 16/3 - 23/6 = 16 · 2/3 · 2 - 23/6 = 32/6 - 23/6 = 32 - 23/6 = 9/6 = 3 · 3/3 · 2 = 3/2
    For adding, subtracting, and comparing fractions, it is suitable to adjust both fractions to a common (equal, identical) denominator. The common denominator you can calculate as the least common multiple of both denominators - LCM(3, 6) = 6. In practice, it is enough to find the common denominator (not necessarily the lowest) by multiplying the denominators: 3 × 6 = 18. In the following intermediate step, cancel by a common factor of 3 gives 3/2.
    In other words - sixteen thirds minus twenty-three sixths is three halfs.

Rules for expressions with fractions:

Fractions - use a forward slash to divide the numerator by the denominator, i.e., for five-hundredths, enter 5/100. If you use mixed numbers, leave a space between the whole and fraction parts.

Mixed numerals (mixed numbers or fractions) keep one space between the integer and
fraction and use a forward slash to input fractions i.e., 1 2/3 . An example of a negative mixed fraction: -5 1/2.
Because slash is both signs for fraction line and division, use a colon (:) as the operator of division fractions i.e., 1/2 : 1/3.
Decimals (decimal numbers) enter with a decimal point . and they are automatically converted to fractions - i.e. 1.45.

Math Symbols


SymbolSymbol nameSymbol MeaningExample
+plus signaddition 1/2 + 1/3
-minus signsubtraction 1 1/2 - 2/3
*asteriskmultiplication 2/3 * 3/4
×times signmultiplication 2/3 × 5/6
:division signdivision 1/2 : 3
/division slashdivision 1/3 / 5
:coloncomplex fraction 1/2 : 1/3
^caretexponentiation / power 1/4^3
()parenthesescalculate expression inside first-3/5 - (-1/4)

The calculator follows well-known rules for the order of operations. The most common mnemonics for remembering this order of operations are:
PEMDAS - Parentheses, Exponents, Multiplication, Division, Addition, Subtraction.
BEDMAS - Brackets, Exponents, Division, Multiplication, Addition, Subtraction
BODMAS - Brackets, Of or Order, Division, Multiplication, Addition, Subtraction.
GEMDAS - Grouping Symbols - brackets (){}, Exponents, Multiplication, Division, Addition, Subtraction.
MDAS - Multiplication and Division have the same precedence over Addition and Subtraction. The MDAS rule is the order of operations part of the PEMDAS rule.
Be careful; always do multiplication and division before addition and subtraction. Some operators (+ and -) and (* and /) has the same priority and then must evaluate from left to right.

Fractions in word problems:



more math problems »