Fraction calculator



This fraction calculator performs all fraction operations - addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and evaluates expressions with fractions. It also shows detailed step-by-step informations.

The result:

5 1/3 - 3 5/6 = 3/2 = 1 1/2 = 1.5

The spelled result in words is three halfs (or one and one half).

How do we solve fractions step by step?

  1. Conversion a mixed number 5 1/3 to a improper fraction: 5 1/3 = 5 1/3 = 5 · 3 + 1/3 = 15 + 1/3 = 16/3

    To find a new numerator:
    a) Multiply the whole number 5 by the denominator 3. Whole number 5 equally 5 * 3/3 = 15/3
    b) Add the answer from the previous step 15 to the numerator 1. New numerator is 15 + 1 = 16
    c) Write a previous answer (new numerator 16) over the denominator 3.

    Five and one third is sixteen thirds.
  2. Conversion a mixed number 3 5/6 to a improper fraction: 3 5/6 = 3 5/6 = 3 · 6 + 5/6 = 18 + 5/6 = 23/6

    To find a new numerator:
    a) Multiply the whole number 3 by the denominator 6. Whole number 3 equally 3 * 6/6 = 18/6
    b) Add the answer from the previous step 18 to the numerator 5. New numerator is 18 + 5 = 23
    c) Write a previous answer (new numerator 23) over the denominator 6.

    Three and five sixths is twenty-three sixths.
  3. Subtract: 16/3 - 23/6 = 16 · 2/3 · 2 - 23/6 = 32/6 - 23/6 = 32 - 23/6 = 9/6 = 3 · 3/3 · 2 = 3/2
    It is suitable to adjust both fractions to a common (equal, identical) denominator for adding, subtracting, and comparing fractions. The common denominator you can calculate as the least common multiple of both denominators - LCM(3, 6) = 6. It is enough to find the common denominator (not necessarily the lowest) by multiplying the denominators: 3 × 6 = 18. In the following intermediate step, cancel by a common factor of 3 gives 3/2.
    In other words - sixteen thirds minus twenty-three sixths is three halfs.

Rules for expressions with fractions:

Fractions - use a forward slash to divide the numerator by the denominator, i.e., for five-hundredths, enter 5/100. If you use mixed numbers, leave a space between the whole and fraction parts.

Mixed numerals (mixed numbers or fractions) keep one space between the integer and
fraction and use a forward slash to input fractions i.e., 1 2/3 . An example of a negative mixed fraction: -5 1/2.
Because slash is both sign for fraction line and division, use a colon (:) as the operator of division fractions i.e., 1/2 : 1/3.
Decimals (decimal numbers) enter with a decimal point . and they are automatically converted to fractions - i.e. 1.45.


Math Symbols


SymbolSymbol nameSymbol MeaningExample
+plus signaddition 1/2 + 1/3
-minus signsubtraction 1 1/2 - 2/3
*asteriskmultiplication 2/3 * 3/4
×times signmultiplication 2/3 × 5/6
:division signdivision 1/2 : 3
/division slashdivision 1/3 / 5
:coloncomplex fraction 1/2 : 1/3
^caretexponentiation / power 1/4^3
()parenthesescalculate expression inside first-3/5 - (-1/4)

The calculator follows well-known rules for the order of operations. The most common mnemonics for remembering this order of operations are:
PEMDAS - Parentheses, Exponents, Multiplication, Division, Addition, Subtraction.
BEDMAS - Brackets, Exponents, Division, Multiplication, Addition, Subtraction
BODMAS - Brackets, Of or Order, Division, Multiplication, Addition, Subtraction.
GEMDAS - Grouping Symbols - brackets (){}, Exponents, Multiplication, Division, Addition, Subtraction.
MDAS - Multiplication and Division have the same precedence over Addition and Subtraction. The MDAS rule is the order of operations part of the PEMDAS rule.
Be careful; always do multiplication and division before addition and subtraction. Some operators (+ and -) and (* and /) have the same priority and must be evaluated from left to right.

Fractions in word problems:



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