# Similarity of triangles - math problems

#### Number of problems found: 88

• Divide an isosceles triangle
How to divide an isosceles triangle into two parts with equal contents perpendicular to the axis of symmetry (into a trapezoid and a triangle)?
• Two similar
Two similar triangles, one has a circumference of 100 cm, the second has sides successively 8 cm, 14 cm, 18 cm longer than the first. Find the lengths of its sides.
• The truncated
The truncated rotating cone has bases with radii r1 = 8 cm, r2 = 4 cm and height v = 5 cm. What is the volume of the cone from which the truncated cone originated?
• Two cables
On a flat plain, 2 columns are erected vertically upwards. One is 7 m high and the other 4 m. Cables are stretched between the top of one column and the foot of the other column. At what height will the cables cross? Assume that the cables do not sag.
• Tower's view
From the church tower's view at the height of 65 m, the top of the house can be seen at a depth angle of alpha = 45° and its bottom at a depth angle of beta = 58°. Calculate the height of the house and its distance from the church.
• MO Z7–I–6 2021
In the triangle ABC, point D lies on the AC side and point E on the BC side. The sizes of the angles ABD, BAE, CAE and CBD are 30°, 60°, 20° and 30°, respectively. Find the size of the AED angle.
• A cliff
A line from the top of a cliff to the ground passes just over the top of a pole 5 ft high and meets the ground at a point 8 ft from the base of the pole. If the point is 93 ft from the base of the​ cliff, how high is the​ cliff?
• Vertical rod
The vertical one-meter-long rod casts a shadow 150 cm long. Calculate the height of a column whose shadow is 36 m long at the same time.
• The straight
The straight path rises by 72 cm every 3 m of its length. How many meters will it climb to 350 m?
The nine-meter poplar casts a shadow 16.2 m long. How long does a shadow cast by Peter at the same time, if it is 1.4 m high?
• Distance of points
A regular quadrilateral pyramid ABCDV is given, in which edge AB = a = 4 cm and height v = 8 cm. Let S be the center of the CV. Find the distance of points A and S.
• Inclined plane
The body stays on an inclined plane and exerts a compressive force of 70N on it. Find the angle between the inclined plane and the horizontal if a gravitational force of 100N acts on the body.
• Chimney and tree
Calculate the height of the factory chimney, which casts a shadow 6.5 m long in the afternoon. At the same time, a 6 m high tree standing near it casts a shadow 25 dm long.
• Similar triangles
Triangle A'B'C 'is similar to triangle ABC, whose sides are 5 cm, 8 cm, and 7 cm long. What is the length of the sides of the triangle A'B'C' if its circumference is 80 cm?
• The triangles
The triangles ABC and A'B'C 'are similar with a similarity coefficient of 2. The angles of the triangle ABC are alpha = 35°, beta = 48°. Determine the magnitudes of all angles of triangle A'B'C '.
• Similar triangles
The triangles ABC and XYZ are similar. Find the missing lengths of the sides of the triangles. a) a = 5 cm b = 8 cm x = 7.5 cm z = 9 cm b) a = 9 cm c = 12 cm y = 10 cm z = 8 cm c) b = 4 cm c = 8 cm x = 4.5 cm z = 6 cm
• Similar triangles
In the triangle DEF is DE = 21cm, EF = 14.7cm, DF = 28cm. The triangle D´E´F´ is similar to the triangle DEF. Calculate the lengths of the sides of the triangle D´E´F´ if the similarity coefficient is one-seventh.
• Similarity coefficient
In the triangle TMA the length of the sides is t = 5cm, m = 3.5cm, a = 6.2cm. Another similar triangle has side lengths of 6.65 cm, 11.78 cm, 9.5 cm. Determine the similarity coefficient of these triangles and assign similar sides to each other.
• An observer
An observer standing west of the tower sees its top at an altitude angle of 45 degrees. After moving 50 meters to the south, he sees its top at an altitude angle of 30 degrees. How tall is the tower?
• Cutting cone
A cone with a base radius of 10 cm and a height of 12 cm is given. At what height above the base should we divide it by a section parallel to the base so that the volumes of the two resulting bodies are the same? Express the result in cm.

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