Variations without repetitionThe calculator calculates the number of variations of the k-th class from n elements. Variation is a way of selecting k items from a collection of n items (k ≤ n), such that (like permutations) the order of selection does matter. The repetition of items is not allowed.
Vk(n)=(n−k)!n! n=10 k=4 V4(10)=(10−4)!10!=6!10!=10⋅9⋅8⋅7=5040
The number of variations: 5040
A bit of theory - the foundation of combinatorics
VariationsA variation of the k-th class of n elements is an ordered k-element group formed from a set of n elements. The elements are not repeated and depend on the order of the group's elements (therefore arranged).
The number of variations can be easily calculated using the combinatorial rule of product. For example, if we have the set n = 5 numbers 1,2,3,4,5, and we have to make third-class variations, their V3 (5) = 5 * 4 * 3 = 60.
n! we call the factorial of the number n, which is the product of the first n natural numbers. The notation with the factorial is only clearer and equivalent. For calculations, it is fully sufficient to use the procedure resulting from the combinatorial rule of product.
Foundation of combinatorics in word problems
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