The Law of Cosines - practice problems - last pageThe law of cosines is a mathematical formula used in trigonometry that relates the sides of a triangle to the cosine of one of its angles. Specifically, it states that in any triangle with sides a, b, and c and angles A, B, and C opposite to those sides, the following equation holds:
c2 = a2 + b2 - 2ab * cos(C)
where c is the length of the side opposite angle C, a is the length of the side opposite angle A, and b is the length of the side opposite angle B. The formula is also known as "cosine formula" or "cosine rule".
The law of cosines can be used to find the length of a side of a triangle when the lengths of the other two sides and the angle opposite the unknown side are known. It can also be used to find an angle of a triangle when the lengths of all three sides are known.
It is particularly useful in solving triangles that are not right triangles, where the Pythagorean theorem can not be applied.
The law of cosines can also be useful in solving problems involving distance and navigation, like finding the distance between two points on the surface of the earth, or finding the distance between two celestial bodies. It is also used in physics and engineering, such as in calculating the force required to bend a beam of a certain length and material properties.
Direction: Solve each problem carefully and show your solution in each item.
Number of problems found: 68
- Space vectors 3D
The vectors u = (1; 3; -4), v = (0; 1; 1) are given. Find the size of these vectors, calculate the angle of the vectors, and the distance between the vectors.
- Three vectors
The three forces whose amplitudes are in ratio 9:10:17 act in the plane at one point to balance. Determine the angles of each two forces.
- Calculate 82578
The vertices of triangle ABC are: A[1, 2, -3], B[0, 1, 2], C[2, 1, 1]. Calculate the lengths of sides AB, AC, and the angle at vertex A.
- Mass point
Two equal forces of 30 Newtons act on a mass point. Find the magnitude of the resultant force if these forces form an angle of 42°.
- Vector sum
The magnitude of the vector u is 12 and the magnitude of the vector v is 8. The angle between vectors is 61°. What is the magnitude of the vector u + v?
- Quadrilateral oblique prism
What is the volume of a quadrilateral oblique prism with base edges of length a = 1m, b = 1.1m, c = 1.2m, d = 0.7m if a side edge of length h = 3.9m has a deviation from the base of 20° 35' and the edges a, b form an angle of 50.5°?
- The spacecraft
The spacecraft spotted a radar device at an altitude angle alpha = 34 degrees 37 minutes and had a distance of u = 615km from Earth's observation point. Calculate the distance d of the spacecraft from Earth at the moment of observation. Earth is considere
- Distance of points
A regular quadrilateral pyramid ABCDV is given, in which edge AB = a = 4 cm and height v = 8 cm. Let S be the center of the CV. Find the distance of points A and S.
Cosine rule uses trigonometric SAS triangle calculator.