Billiard balls

A layer of ivory billiard balls of radius 6.35 cm is in the form of a square. The balls are arranged so that each ball is tangent to every one adjacent to it. In the spaces between sets of 4 adjacent balls other balls rest, equal in size to the original. These balls form in turn a second layer on top of the first. Successive layers of this sort form a pyramidal pile with a single ball resting on top. If the bottom layer contains 16 balls, what is the height of the pile.

Result

h =  39.641 cm

Solution:

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To solve this example are needed these knowledge from mathematics:

Pythagorean theorem is the base for the right triangle calculator.

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