Secret treasure

Scouts have a tent in the shape of a regular quadrilateral pyramid with a side of the base 4 m and a height of 3 m. Determine the radius r (and height h) of the container so that they can hide the largest possible treasure.

Result

r =  1.333 m
h =  1.001 m

Solution:

a=4 m v=3 m  s2=(a/2)2+v2 s=(a/2)2+v2=(4/2)2+3213 m3.6056 m  (vh):r=v:a/2 v=h+r v:a/2 h=vr 2v/a  V=πr2 h V=πr2(vr 2v/a) V=πr2(vr 2v/a) V=πr2(3r 2 3/4) V=3/2π(avr)r V=0  3/2π (avr)r=0  3/2pi(43r)r=0  3/2 3.1415926 (43r)r=0 14.1371667r2+18.85r=0 14.1371667r218.85r=0  a=14.1371667;b=18.85;c=0 D=b24ac=18.852414.13716670=355.305746317 D>0  r1,2=b±D2a=18.85±355.3128.2743334 r1,2=0.66666667±0.666666666667 r1=1.33333333333 r2=0   Factored form of the equation:  14.1371667(r1.33333333333)r=0 r=r1=1.3333431.33331.333 ma=4 \ \text{m} \ \\ v=3 \ \text{m} \ \\ \ \\ s^2=(a/2)^2 + v^2 \ \\ s=\sqrt{ (a/2)^2 + v^2 }=\sqrt{ (4/2)^2 + 3^2 } \doteq \sqrt{ 13 } \ \text{m} \doteq 3.6056 \ \text{m} \ \\ \ \\ (v-h):r=v:a/2 \ \\ v=h + r \cdot \ v:a/2 \ \\ h=v - r \cdot \ 2v/a \ \\ \ \\ V=\pi r^2 \ h \ \\ V=\pi r^2 (v-r \cdot \ 2v/a) \ \\ V=\pi r^2 (v-r \cdot \ 2v/a) \ \\ V=\pi r^2 (3-r \cdot \ 2 \cdot \ 3/4) \ \\ V'=3/2 \pi (a-vr)r \ \\ V'=0 \ \\ \ \\ 3/2 \pi \cdot \ (a-vr)r=0 \ \\ \ \\ 3/2 * pi *(4-3r)r=0 \ \\ \ \\ 3/2 \cdot \ 3.1415926 \cdot \ (4-3r)r=0 \ \\ -14.1371667r^2 +18.85r=0 \ \\ 14.1371667r^2 -18.85r=0 \ \\ \ \\ a=14.1371667; b=-18.85; c=0 \ \\ D=b^2 - 4ac=18.85^2 - 4\cdot 14.1371667 \cdot 0=355.305746317 \ \\ D>0 \ \\ \ \\ r_{1,2}=\dfrac{ -b \pm \sqrt{ D } }{ 2a }=\dfrac{ 18.85 \pm \sqrt{ 355.31 } }{ 28.2743334 } \ \\ r_{1,2}=0.66666667 \pm 0.666666666667 \ \\ r_{1}=1.33333333333 \ \\ r_{2}=0 \ \\ \ \\ \text{ Factored form of the equation: } \ \\ 14.1371667 (r -1.33333333333) r=0 \ \\ r=r_{1}=1.3333 \doteq \dfrac{ 4 }{ 3 } \doteq 1.3333 \doteq 1.333 \ \text{m}

Checkout calculation with our calculator of quadratic equations.

h=vr 2 v/a=31.3333 2 3/4=1.0005=1.001 mh=v - r \cdot \ 2 \cdot \ v/a=3 - 1.3333 \cdot \ 2 \cdot \ 3/4=1.0005=1.001 \ \text{m}



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